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Drishtibheda

Eye Movements are called as Drishtibheda.

Shlokam:

“Samam Alokitam Saachi pralokitam Nimilitae
Ullokita Anuvritte cha tatha chaiva Avalokitam
Ithyashcha drishthi bhedaha syu kirtitaha purvasuribhi”

Meaning:

  1. Samam: To look Straight
  2. Alokitam: To move eyes in circular movement(Up-Right-Down-Left-Up)
  3. Saachi: Looking one side
  4. Pralokitam: Looking right and left
  5. Nimilitae: Looking Down
  6. Ullokita: Looking up
  7. Anuvritte: Looking up and down
  8. Avalokitam: Looking our own limbs.

Grivabheda

Neck Movements are called as Grivabehda.

Shlokam:

“Sundari cha Tiraschina Tathaiva Parivartita
Prakampita cha Bhavajne jneya greevabheda chaturvidha”

Meaning:

  1. Sundari
  2. Tiraschina
  3. Parivartita
  4. Prakampita

These are the Four types of Grivabheda.

Shirobheda

Head movements are called as Shirobheda.

Shlokam:

“Samam Udhvahitam Adhomukham
Alolitham Dhrutam Kampithamcha
Paravrutham Utkshiptham Parivahitham

Meaning:

  1. Samam: To Look Straight

2. Udhvahitam: To Move the head Up(Looking up)

3. Adhomukham: To Move the head Down(Looking down)

4. Alolitham: Rotating in circular movement(Feeling Faint)

5. Dhrutam: To Move the head Sideways(right -left)

6. Kampitamcha: To Move the head Up and Down

7. Paravrutham: To Look Sideways

8. Utkshiptham: To Look Diagonally up

9. Parivahitam: Saying No(Denying)

These are the nine types of Shirobhedas as mentioned in Natyashashtra.

Shlokas

Mooshika Vahana

Mooshika Vahana Modaka Hasta

Chamara Karna Vilambita Sutra|

Vamana Roopa Maheshwara Putra

Vighna Vinayaka Paada Namaste||

Meaning:

Salutations to Sri Vighna Vinayaka(Ganapati)

Mooshika Vahana: Whose Vehicle is the Mouse 

Modaka Hasta: Who has the Modaka in his Hand

Chamara Karna: Whose Large Ears are like Fans 

Vilambita Sudra: Who Wears a Long Sacred Thread

Vamana Roopa: Who is Short in Stature 

Maheshvara Putra: Son of Sri Maheshvara (Lord Shiva)

Vighna Vinayaka: The Remover of the Obstacles of His Devotees

Paada Namaste: Prostrations at the Feet of Sri Vighna Vinayaka.


Sarawati Namastubhyam

Saraswati Namastubhyam

Varade Kamaroopini|

Vidhyaarambham Karishyami

Siddhir Bhavatnume Sada||

Meaning:

Saraswati Namastubhyam: Salutation to Goddess Saraswati

Varade: Giver of Boon

Kama Roopini: One who bring desires to manifestation

Vidhya Arambham: Beginning of studies

Siddhir: Accomplishment

Bhavatnume Sada: Come to Existence.

Sri MahaLakshmi Ashtakam

Namasthetu Mahamaye

Sripethe Surapoojithe|

Shankha Chakra Gada Haste

MahaLakshmi Namastute||

Meaning:

Namasthetu Mahamaye: Salutation to the Mahamaye(Goddess Mahalakshmi)

Sripethe Surapoojithe: One who resides on Sripethe and is Worshipped by the Suras(Devatas)

Shankh Chakra Gada Haste: One Who Has Shankh(Conch), Chakra(Disc) and Gada(Mace) in her hands

MahaLakshmi Namastute: I bow down to Goddess Mahalakshmi.

https://radhikasandip.wordpress.com/2021/05/06/shlokas/

Samyukta Hasta

Shlokam:

“Anjalishcha Kapothashcha Karkata Swasthikasthatha
Dolahastha Pushpaputaha Utsangah Shivalingakaha
Katakavardhanashchaiva Kartari Swasthikasthathaa
Shakatam Shanka Chakrecha Samputa Paasha kilakaha
Matsya Kurma Varaahashcha Garudo Nagabandhakaha
Khatwaa Berunda Ithyethe Sankhyaatha Samyukta Karaaha ”

Meaning:

  1. Anjali
  2. Kapota
  3. Karkata
  4. Swastika
  5. Dola
  6. Pushpaputa
  7. Utsanga
  8. Shivalinga
  9. Katkavardhana
  10. Kartariswastika
  11. Shakata
  12. Shankh
  13. Chakra
  14. Samputa
  15. Pasha
  16. Kilaka
  17. Matsya
  18. Kurma
  19. Varaha
  20. Garuda
  21. Nagabandha
  22. Khatwa
  23. Bherunda

These are the 23 types of Samyukta Hasta as Mentioned in the Abhinaya Darpanam.

Shanmukha Kauthuvam

(Murugan Kauthuvam/Subramanya Kauthuvam)

Ragam: Shanmukha Priya

Talam: Chatusra Eka

Composer: Tanjore Quartet

Jhannakitta kirakitta takkudu dhikkudu tarikita tam
takkudu dhikkudu takatarikitataka takundari kina jhaka

Vinaiy ara vel vangum perumal adiyinai tozhu maname jakajaka –


tonkita nankita tokita kitataki tonganang tom tom tata tam-

toukitataki toukitataki toukita

tou tou kitataki tou kitakitataki takundari kinajaka takanaka jaka tam

Kanam maileri kailayam tannai shuzhala varum ilaiyavane tozhuvae tala vidham para udaiyavane

jekudu jannakita jekudu jannakita jannakita

 janakita janakita kitataki janakita janakita kitataki janakita kitataki

kadal kizhiya malai muriya varu murugan arulpetra gadiadi peralam-

takitataki dhikitataki takudu

tat tat kitataki tat tat kitataki

taku dhiku takita tom kita kitataki tam

tangi kitataki dhikitaa dhikitaa dhikitaa…………aa…….!

Meaning:

Vinaya ara– Destroying the miseries in fate

Vel vangum– Brings the vel(from Goddess Parvathi)

Peruman– Almighty (Here addressing Lord Murunga /Lord Karthikeyan)

Adi eani– Feet

Thozhu– Pray

Maname– Oh mind

Kanam maileri– Riding on the beautiful peacock

Kailayam tannai– From Kailash

Shuzhala varum– Spins around the Kailash

Ilaiyavane– The Younger Son

Tozhuvae– Those who pray to

Tala vidham para– Proficiency in rhythm

Udaiyavane– who is the owner of



Kadal– Sea

Kizhiya– Tears

Malai Muriya– Breaking Mountains

Varu murugan– Lord Muruga is Coming

Arul Petra– Blessed

Gadiada peralam– Obtain the Fruit

Asamyukta Hasta

Single handed gestures are called as Asamyukta Hastas

They are 28 in number.

Shlokam:

“Pathakas Tripathako Ardhapathaka: Kartharimukhaha:

Mayurakhyo Ardhachandrascha Arala: Shukathundakaha:

Mushtischa Shikharakhyascha Kapithya Katakhamukhaha:

Suchi Chandrakhala Padmakosha: Sarparhirasthatha

Mrigashirsha Simhamukhaha: Kangulascha Alapadmakaha:

Chaturo Bhramaraschaiva Hamsasyo Hamsapakshakaha:

Samdamsho Mukulaschaiva Thaamrachudas Trishulakaha:

Ithyasamyukta Hastanam Ashtavimshatiririta:

 

Meaning:
  1. Pataka
  2. Tripataka
  3. Ardhapataka
  4. Kartarimukha
  5. Mayura
  6. Ardhachandra
  7. Arala
  8. Shukhatunda
  9. Mushthi
  10. Shikhara
  11. Kapithya
  12. Katakamukha
  13. Suchi
  14. Chandrakala
  15. Padmakosha
  16. Sarpashirsha
  17. Mrigashirsha
  18. Simhamukha
  19. Kangula
  20. Alapadma
  21. Chatura
  22. Bhramara
  23. Hamsasya
  24. Hamsapaksha
  25. Samdamsha
  26. Mukula
  27. Tamrachuda
  28. Trishula

These are the 28 types of Asamyukta hasta as mentioned in Abhinayadarpanam.

UrbanPro Recommended

https://radhikasandip.wordpress.com/2021/05/06/shlokas/

https://radhikasandip.wordpress.com/2021/05/06/shlokas/

Dhyana Shlokam

“Angikam bhuvanam yasya|
Vachikam sarva vangmayam||
Aharyam chandra taradi|
Tam numah satvikam sivam||”

Meaning:

Whose body is the whole Universe,

whose speech is the universal Language

who has the moon and the celestial bodies as his ornaments

we bow down to such a Satvik Shiva.

Meaning of the Words:

Angikam-Body

Bhuvanam-Universe

Yasya-Whose

Vachikam-Speech,Song

Sarva-Everyone

Vangmayam-Language

Aharyam-Ornaments

Chandra-Moon

Taradi-Stars

Tam-To You

Numah-To Bow Down

Satvikam-Pure

Shivam-Lord Shiva.

Guru Mantra

“Guru Brahma Guru Vishnu Guru Devo Maheshwara|

Guru Sakshat Para Brahma Tasmai Sri Guruvae Namaha||”

Meaning:

Guru is the Creator-Brahma

Guru is the Preserver-Vishnu

GuruDeva is Destroyer-Maheshwara

Guru is the Supreme soul

I bow down to my Guru for the betterment of this life.

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Adavus

Adavus are the basic building blocks of Bharatnatyam.

Adavus provide a technical base to a dancer to do intricate movements while dancing, hence a dancer should have regular practice of adavus.

Adavus are classified into differnt groups having variations and sub divisions.

The basic postures used while doing Adavus are:

1. Sama sthana

This is a Standing position, the body is erect, spine is straight, feet touching together and toes facing front.

2. Ardhamandi sthana (Aramandala/Aramandi sthana)

Here the feet are turned aside in a horizontal line and sit in half sit. Balancing the weight on both feet.

3. Mandi sthana (Muzhumandi sthana)

Here the dancer is in a sitting posture, the thighs and shanks will be in contact and the knees will be turned out.

the dancer balances on toes in this position.

Sr.no.Name of AdavuSyllable(Sollkattu)
1Tatta AdavuTaiya tai
2Natta AdavuTai yum tat ta tai yum ta ha
3KudittaMetta AdavuTai ha tai hi
4Mardita Adavu
Visaru Adavu/Paraval Adavu
Ta tai tai ta dhit tai tai ta
5Etta AdavuTat tai ta ha dhit tai ta ha
6Sarikal AdavuTai ha tai hi
7Paaithal AdavuTat taiyum tat ta ha
dhit taiyum tat ta ha
8Mandi AdavuTalangu tom
9TattiMetti Adavu
Pancha Nadai Adavu
Depends on Nadai:
Chatusram: Taka Dhimi
Tisram: Takita
Mishram: Taka Dhimi Takita or Takita Taka Dhimi
Khandam: Taka Takita
Sankeernam: Taka Dhimi Taka Takita
10Teermanam AdavuDhit dhit tai,
Thadhiginatom
11Korvai Adavu
Mei Adavu
Tat tai tam dhit tai tam
12Sutra Adavu
Sutral Adavu
Tat tai tam dhit tai tam
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