Asamayukta Hasta Viniyoga Sloka With Meaning.

Reference- Natyashastra and Abhinaya Darpanam

Bharatnatyam Basics And Advance Theory

Pataaka Hasta Viniyoga
Pataka

Viniyoga Sloka:

“Natyarambhay varivahe vanay vastunishedhanay|
Kuchastalay nishayam cha nadyam amaramandale||

Turangay khandanay vayo shayanay gamanodyamay|
Pratapay cha prasaday cha chandrikayam ghanatapay||

Kavatapatanay saptavibhaktyarthay tarangakay|
Vethe praveshabhavepi samtvay cha angaragakay||

Atmarthay shapathay chape tushnibhavnidharshanay|
Talapatray cha khetay cha dravyadishparshanay tatha||

Ashirvadekriyayam cha nrupashreshthasya bhavanay|
Tatra tatreti vachanay sindhau cha sukrutikramay||

Sambhodhanay purogepi khadgarupasya dharanay|
Masay sanvatsaray varshadineay sammarjanay tatha||

Evamartheshu yujyante patakahastabhavanaha|”

  • Meaning of Sloka:
  • Natyarambhay– At the beginning of Natya
  • Varivahe-Rainy Clouds
  • Vanay-Forest
  • Vastunishedhanay– Forbidding things
  • Kuchastala-: Bosom
  • Nishayam-night
  • Nadyam– a river
  • Amaramandalay– Heaven(region of gods)
  • Turangay– Horse
  • Khandanay-Cutting
  • Vayo– Wind
  • Shayanay-To sleep/lying down
  • Gamanodyamay– walking/To show one is going
  • Pratapay– Prowess/expertise in a particular activity
  • Prasaday– Bless/favour
  • Chandrikayam-Moonlight
  • Ghanatapa– Strong sunlight
  • Kavatapatanay-Pushing and opening the doors
  • Saptavibhaktyarthay– Seven case endings
  • Tarangakay– waves/Ripples
  • Vethe-Street
  • Praveshabhavepi-Entering the lane
  • Samtvay– Equality/Equanimity(calmness)
  • Angaragakay– Smearing oneself
  • Atmarthay– oneself
  • Shapathay chape– Taking an oath
  • Tushnibhavnidharshanay-Silence
  • Talapatray– Palmarya Leaf
  • Khetay– Shield
  • Dravyadishparshanay-Touching Objects
  • Ashirvadekriyayam-Benediction(bless)
  • Nrupashreshthasya bhavanay– An ideal king
  • Tatra tatreti vachanay– To this and that, Showing location
  • Sindhau– The Sea
  • Sukrutikramay– Succession of good deeds
  • Sambhodhanay– To address someone
  • Purogepi– Step forward
  • Khadgarupasya-holding sword
  • Masay– Month,
  • Sanvatsaray– Year
  • Varshadineay– rainy day
  • Sammarjanay– sweeping with broom

The gesture is mainly used in Sarikal Adavu & Korvai Adavu.

 Tripataka Hasta Viniyoga 
Tripataka

Viniyoga Sloka:

Makutae vrikshabhaavecha Vajrae Thaddharavasavae|

Ketakae kusumae Deepae Vanhijwalavigrumbhanae||

Kapoothae patralekhayaam Baanaarthae parivarthanae|

Yujyathae Tripatakoyaam Kathithou Bharatamuthamaihi|| ”

Meaning of Sloka: 

  • Makutae  – Crown
  • Vriksha – Tree
  • Vajrae – the vajra(Thunderbolt)
  • Thaddharavasavae – Lord Indra
  • Ketakae kusumae – A kind of flower
  • Vanhijwalavi grumbhanae – raising flames
  • Kapothae – Pigeon
  • Patralekhayam – Drawing patterns on face or chest
  • Baanaarthae – shooting arrow
  • Parivarthanae – Circular movement

The gesture is mainly used in Natt Adavu & Teerman Adavu.

Ardhapataka Hasta Viniyoga 
Ardhapataka

Viniyoga Sloka:

“Pallavae phalakae theerae Ubhayorithivachakae|

 krakachae Churikayam cha dhwajae gopura shringayoho||

Yujyathae ardhapatakoyam Thathatkarmaprayogakae |”

Meaning of Sloka:

  • Pallavae  – Tender Leaves
  • Phalakae – writing pad/painting slab
  • Theerae– Bank of a river
  • Ubhayorithi vachakae – To say Both
  • Krakachae – saw
  • Churikayam – Knife
  • Dhwajae – Flag/banner
  • Gopura – Gopuram of a temple/tower
  • Shringayoho – Horns

Kartharimukha Hasta Viniyoga
Kartarimukha

Viniyoga Sloka:

” Shtripumsayoosthu vishalaeshae Viparyasa padaepi va|

 Luntanae nayanamtae cha Maranae Bhedabhavanae||

Vidhyudharthae ekashayavirahae Patanae thatha|

  Lahtayam Yujyathaeyasthu sakarah kartarimukhaha|| ”

Meaning of Sloka:

  • Shtripumsayosthu vishalaeshae – Separation of man and women
  • Viparyaasapadaepi va – Opposition or overturning
  • Luntana –Rolling or stealing
  • Nayana-amtham – Corner of the eye
  • Marana – Death
  • Bheda-bhavana – Disagreement
  • Vidhyu-dartha – Lightning
  • Ekashayaa-virahae – In separation from the loved one/to sleep alone
  • Patanae– To fall down
  • Lathayam  – A creeper

The gesture is mainly used in Kartari Adavu

 Mayura Hasta Viniyoga
Mayura

Viniyoga Sloka:

“Mayoorasyae lathayam cha Shakunae Vamanae thatha|

Alakasyapa nayanae Lalata thilakeshu cha||

Nadhyudhakasya Nikshepae Shastra vadae prasidhakae|

Evammartheshu Yujyantae Mayoora kara bhavanah ||”

Meaning of Sloka :

  • Mayoorasya  – Peacock
  • Shakuna – Bird
  • Vamana – Vomiting
  • Alakasyapa – Moving the hair
  • Nayana –Eyes
  • Lalata Thilaka – Putting thilakam in the forehead
  • Nadhyudhakasya Nikshepae – Sprinkling water
  • Shastra vadae– Discussing the shastras
  • Prasidhakae – Show very famous

Ardhachandra Hasta Viniyoga
Ardhachandra

Viniyoga Sloka:

“Chandra krishnashtamibhaji Gala hastarthakepi cha|

Bhala yudha devathanam abhishechana karmani||

Bhukapatraech udhbavae Katiyam chinthayam Athma vachakae|

Dhyanae cha Prarthanae chapae Anganaam Sparshanae thatha |

Prakurthanam Namaskarae Ardhachandroni yujyathae ||”

Meaning of Sloka:

  • Chandra krishnashtamibhaji – 8th day  phase of the moon over a fortnight
  • Anganaam  Sparshanae – Touching the limbs
  • Athma vachakae – Consider / think/study
  • Bhala yudha – A spear / stab / pierce
  • Bhukapatraech –dining Plate
  • Chinthayam – Thinking
  • devathanam abhishechana karmani – doing an offering to the Gods
  • Dhyanae – Meditation
  • Gala hastarthakepi – A hand stopping the throat
  • Katiyam – waist
  • Prakurthanam Namaskarae – Greeting ordinary people
  • Prarthanae – Prayers
  • Udhbavae – Origin or birth
Arala Hasta Viniyoga
Arala

Viniyoga Sloka:

“Vishadhyamamrutham paneshu Prachanda pavanepicha ||”

Meaning of Sloka :

  • Vishadhyam amrutham paneshu – drinking poison or nectar
  • Prachandapavana – violent wind

Shukatundaka Hasta Viniyoga
Shukhatunda

Viniyoga Sloka:

“Banaprayoogecha Kunthartha Alayasyasmrithikarme|

Marmukthyam ugrabhava Shukatundani yujyathae ||”

Meaning of Sloka : 

  • Banaprayooga – shooting an arrow
  • Kunthartha – Spear
  • Alayasyasmrithikarma – thinking/remembering about the past
  • Marmukthyam – mystic feeling
  • Ugrabhava – angry mood

Mushthi Hasta Viniyoga
Mushthi

Viniyoga Sloka:

“Sthiram kachagraha Daartya Vasthuvadeenamcha dharana|

Mallianam yudhabhavaecha Mushti hastanam yamishyatae ||”

Meaning of Sloka 

  • Sthiram – steadiness
  • Kachagraha – grasping one’s hair
  • Daartya – Courage
  • Vasthuvadeenamcha dharana – Holding things
  • Mallianam yudhabhava – Fighting mood of wrestlers

 Shikara Hasta Viniyoga 
Shikhara

Viniyoga Sloka:

“Madana kamuka sthambaecha Nishcaya pitrukarmani|

Oshtra pravishtaroopani Radhana prashnabhavanae||

Linga nastheethivachanae Samaranabhiyanitke|

 Katibandakarshane Parirambhavidikrame||

Gandani nada Shikarayujyatahe Bharatadibi| ”

Meaning of Sloka:

  • Madhana – Manmatha or Kama(the God of love),erotic sign
  • Kaamuka – Bow
  • Sthamba – Pillar
  • Nishchaya – Certainty
  • Pithrukarmani – Offering to ancestors
  • Oshtra – Lips
  • Pravishtaroopa – To pour liquid
  • Radhana – Teeth
  • Prashnabhavana – Questioning
  • Linga – Shiva Lingam or Phallic symbol
  • Naastheetivachana – Saying “I don’t know”
  • Samarana  – Recollection
  •  Abhinayaanthikam – Intimate suggestion
  • Katibhandhakarshana – To lighten the waist band
  • Parirambhavidikrama – Embracing
  • Gantaninadha – Sounding a bell

Kapithya Hasta Viniyoga 
Kapithya

Viniyoga Sloka:

“Lakshmyam saraswatyam Veshtanae taaladharan|

Godohanam anjanam Leelakusuma dharana||

Chelanjaladi grahana Patasyaiva avagunthana|

Doopa deepa archanae kapitya sampraujyate||”

Meaning of Sloka

  • Lakshmyam -Goddess Lakshmi
  • Saraswatyam – Goddess Saraswati
  • Veshtanae –winding
  • Taladharana – holding cymbals
  • Godohanam -milking cows
  • Anjanam –collyrium(a kind of dark eyeshadow)
  • Leelakusuma dharana -holding flowers gracefully
  • Chelanjalaadi grahana -grasping the end of a saree or a robe
  • Patasyaiva avaguntana -covering the head with a veil
  • Dhupa deepa archanam -offering incense

 

Katakamukha Hasta viniyoga

Viniyoga Sloka:

Kusumaapachayae muktasrakdamnam dharanam

Sharamadhyaakarshanam Nagavallipradhanam

Kasturikaadivastunam peshana Gandhavasana

Vachana Drushti yujyathae katakamukha karaha

Meaning of Sloka :

  • Kusumaapachayae – plucking flowers
  • muktasrakdamnam dharanam-wearing a necklace of pearls or flowers
  • Sharamadhyaakarshanam-drawing the arrow at the centre of the bow
  • Nagavallipradhanam– offering betel leaves
  • Kasturikaadivastunam peshana– preparing paste of musk/sandal
  • Gandhavasana-applying perfume
  • Vachana-speak
  • Drushti –glance

Suchi Hasta Viniyoga
Suchi

Viniyoga Sloka :

Ekaarthapey Parabrahma Bhavanaayaam Shateypicha

Ravou  Nagaayam Lokarthaey Tathaeithi vachaneypicha

Yajabdeypicha thajjabdey Vichanaartheypi Tharjaney

Kaashey Shalaakhey vapushey Ascharyey venibhaawaney

Chathrey samarthey paanocha Romalyaam berivaadaney

Kulaala chakra brahmaney Rataanga mandaley thatha

Vivechaney dinaam thecha Soochi hasta prakeerthithaha.

Meaning of Sloka :

  • EkarthepiShowing Number One
  • ArabrahmabhavanayamShowing Para Brahma
  • ShatapichaTo show 100
  • RavouSun
  • NagaryamCity, Universe
  • Lokarthe TathepivachanepichaSaying ‘That’s how it is
  • YachabdepichatatchabdheAsking when, why, who, how
  • VyajanarthepitarjaneScaring
  • Karshye ShalakavapusheThin or Skinny
  • AshcharyeWonder
  • VenibhavaneShowing the hair
  • ChatreUmbrella
  • SamartheCapable
  • KonechaRoom
  • RomalyamExcitement
  • BheribhedhaneBeating an instrument called Bheri
  • KulalachakrabhramaneShowing potter’s Wheel
  • RathangeWheel of a chariot
  • MandaletathaGroup of People
  • Vivechane DinantechaThinking
  • Suchi Hasta PrakeertithahaEvening all these are shown using Suchi Hasta

Chandrakala Hasta Viniyoga
Chandrakala

Viniyoga Sloka:

“Chandrey mukhecha Pradeshey Thanmathraakaaravasthuniii

Shivasyamakudey Gan

ga nadyaam Lakudeypicha

Yeshaam chandrakalachaiva Viniyoga vidhiiiyathey”

Meaning of Sloka:

  • Chandre-Moon
  • Mukhe– Face
  • Pradese– Distance between finger and thumb
  • Tanmatrakara Vastuni– Imdicating size of an area
  • Shivasya Makute– Hair style of Shiva
  • Ganganadyam– Flowing of Ganga
  • Lagude– Walking stick

Padmakosha Hasta Viniyoga
Padmakosha

Viniyoga Sloka :

“Phalae bilwa kapitha Sthrinam cha kutch kumbhayoh

Avartakae kandukae sthalyam Bhojanae pushpa koraka

Shakaraphala pushpavarsha Manjarikaadishu

 Japakusuma Gantarupavidhanaka

Valmike Kamala Anda Ethi padmakoshayo karaha”

Meaning of Sloka:

  • Phalae bilwa kapitha – various fruits
  • strinam cha kutcha kumbhayoh – round breast of a women
  • Avartakae – circular movement
  • Kandukae – ball
  • Sthalyam – bowl
  • Bhojanae – food
  • Pushpa koraka -flower garland
  • Shakaraphala – mango
  • Pushpavarsha – showering flowers
  • Manjarikadishu – cluster of flowers
  • Japakusuma – Hibiscus flower
  • Gantarupa vidhanaka – preparing big bowl of food for elephant or bell shape
  • Valmika – ant hill
  • Kamala – lotus
  • Anda – egg

Sarpashiras Hasta Viniyoga
Sarpashirsha

Viniyoga Sloka :

Chandana Bhujaga Mandra

Prokshana Poshana Devasya-udakadhaneshu

Gaja-kumbhayoh Aspahala

Mallanam Bhujasthana

Meaning of Sloka:

  • Chandana – sandal paste
  • Bhujaga – snake
  • Mandra – low pitch
  • Prokshana – sprinkling
  • Poshana – nourishing
  • Devasya-udakadhaneshu – offering water to God
  • Gaja-kumbhayoh Aspahala – flapping of elephant ears
  • Mallanam Bhujasthana – wrestlers arms
Mrigashirsha Hasta Viniyoga
Mrigashirsha

Viniyoga Sloka :

Kapoola Maryadayoho

Bhityam Vivadam Nepathya Ahwane

Tripundraka Mriga-mukha Rangavalayam

Pada-samvahanam Sarwasammelane Karya

Mandirae Chatra-dharana Sopane Padvinyasa

Priya-ahvana Samchara

Meaning of Sloka:

  • Strinam-artha – women reproductive organs
  • Kapoola –  cheek
  • Maryadayoho – traditional manners or  limit
  • Bhityam – fear
  • Vivadam – argument
  • Nepathya -costume and make-up
  • Ahwane – calling or residence
  • Tripundraka – drawing three lines on forehead
  • Mriga-mukha – deer face
  • Rangavalayam – decorating the ground with patterns
  • Pada-samvahanam – feet massage
  • Sarwasammelane Karya – gathering all
  • Mandirae – house
  • Chatra-dharana – holding an umbrella
  • Sopane – stairs
  • Padvinyasa – movement of the feet
  • Priya-ahvana – inviting the beloved
  • Samchara – roaming

Simhamukha Hasta Viniyoga
Simhamukha

Viniyoga Sloka :

“Homa shasha Gajae dharba chalana Padmadamani|

 Simhaanana Vaidyapaka sodhana||”

Meaning of Sloka

  • Homa – fire ritual
  • Shasha – Rabbit
  • Gaje – elephant
  • Dharba-chalana – waving kusha grass
  • Padma-damani –  lotus garland
  • Simha-anana – lion’s face
  • Vaidy-paka-sodhana  –medicine preparation

Kaangula Hasta Viniyoga
Kangula

Viniyoga Sloka :

“Lakuchasyaphala Bala-kimkinyam Ghutika-adika|

 Chakora Kramuka Bala-kuchae Kalharaketatha||

Chataka Nalikerecha Kangulo ujyatekaraha|”

Meaning of Sloka:

  • Lakuchasyapala – lakucha fruit
  • Bala-kimkinyam – bell worn by children
  • Ghutika-adika – pill
  • Chakora – partridge bird
  • Kramuka – betel-nut tree
  • Bala-kucha – young girl’s breast
  • Kalharaka – white water-lily
  • Chataka – chataka bird
  • Nalikera – coconut

Alapadma Hasta Viniyoga
Alapadma

Viniyoga Sloka :

“Vikachaabjae Kapitthadiphalae cha Aavarthakae Kuchae |

Virahae Mukurae Poorna-chandrae Sowndarya-bhavanae||

Dhamillae Chandrashalayam Gramae Uddhata kopayoho|

Tatakae Shakatae Chakravakae Kalakalaravae||

 Shlaganae So alapadmashcha Keertito Bharatagamae|”

Meaning of Sloka:

  • Vikacha-abja –  fully bloomed lotus/flower
  • Kapittha-diphala – wood apple
  • Aavarthaka  – circular movement
  • Kucha  – breast
  • Viraha – yearning(separation from)to the beloved
  • Mukura  – mirror
  • Poorna-chandra –  full moon
  • Sowndarya-bhavana – beautiful form
  • Dhamilla  – hair-knot
  • Chandra-shala – moon pavilion(moon tower)
  • Grama  – village
  • Uddhathakopa  – great anger
  • Tataka  – pond or lake
  • Shakata  – cart
  • Chakravaka –  type of bird
  • Kala-kalarava – murmuring sound
  • Shlagana  – praise

Chatura Hasta viniyoga
Chatura

Viniyoga Sloka :

“Kastooryam kinchidapyarthae Swarnataamraadi lohakae|

Aardrae khede rasaaswasae lochanae varnabhedanae||

Pramanae sarasae mandhagamanae shakaleekrutae|

Aasanae ghruta tailadao yujyatae chatura karaha||”

Meaning of Sloka

  • Kastooryaam  – fragrance from kastoori
  • Kinchidapyarthe – show small quantity
  • Swarnataamraadilohake – gold and other metals
  • Aardre – Wetness
  • Khede – sorrow
  • Rasaaswade – taste
  • Lochane – eye
  • Varnabhedake – differentiate color/castes
  • Pramane – promise/proof
  • Sarase – romance/sweetness
  • Mandhagamane – slow movement
  • Shakaleekrute –breaking into pieces
  • Aasane – seated
  • Ghruta – melted butter
  • Tailadou – oil or ghee

 Bhramara Hasta Viniyoga
Bhramara

Viniyoga sloka:

“Bhramarecha shukae yogae SarasaeKokiladishu|

 Bhramarakhyascha Hastoyam Keerthitho Bharatagamae||”

Meaning of Sloka

  • Bhramarecha –honey bee
  • Shukae – parrot
  • Yogae – meditation
  • SarasaeKokiladishu – show birds like kokila sarasa

Hamsasya Hasta Viniyoga
Hamsasya

Viniyoga sloka:

“Mangalyasutra bandhechapyupadesha Vinishchayae |

Romanchae mouktikadoucha Deepavartiprasaranae||

Nikashae mallikadou cha Chitretallekhanae thatha |

Damshathua jalabindoucha Hamsasyo Ujyate karaha||”

Meaning of Sloka

  • Mangalyasootrabandhe – Tying the sacred thread of marriage
  • Upadeshe – Advice
  • Vinishchaye – Decision
  • Romanche – Excitement
  • Mouktikadoucha – Pearls & other precious stones
  • Deepavarteeprasarane – Wick of the lamp
  • Nikashe – Polishing
  • Mallikadou Jasmine & other flowers
  • Chitrasamlekhane tatha – Drawing
  • Damshetu – Fly
  • Jalabindoucha – Drop of water

Hamsapakshaka Hasta Viniyoga
Hamsapaksha

Viniyoga sloka:

“Shatsankhyayaam Setubandhe Nakharakankhanetatha |

Vidhane Hamsapakshoyam Keertito Bharatagame||”

Meaning of Sloka:

  • Shatsankhyayaam – To show number 6
  • Setubandhe – Bridge
  • Nakharakankhanetatha – Impression of the nails
  •  Vidhane – Sheath(cover of a knife or other sharp things),way of doing something

Samdamsha Hasta Viniyoga

 Viniyoga sloka:

“Udaare Balidanecha Vranae Keetae Manobhaye| 

Archane Panchavakravye Samdamshakyobhidheeyate||”

Meaning of Sloka:

  • Udaare – To show Generosity
  • Balidanecha – Sacrificial Offering
  • Vranae – Wound
  • Keetae – Insects/worms
  • Manobhaye – Fear
  •  Archane – Offering
  • Panchavakravye – to denote number 5

Mukula Hasta Viniyoga
Mukula

 Viniyoga sloka:

“Kumudae bhojanae Panchabanae mudradi dharanae|

Nabhao cha kadalipushpae Yujyathae mukula karaha||”

Meaning of Sloka:

  • Kumudae – water Lilly
  • Bhojanae – Eating
  • Panchabane – Cupid, angel(god of love)
  • Mudradidharane – smearing sacred marks on the body
  •  Naabhoucha – Belly button(Navel)
  • Kadaleepushpe – Banana Flower

Taamrachooda Hasta Viniyoga
Tamrachuda

 Viniyoga sloka:

“Kukkutadou bakae kaakae Ushtrae vatsae cha lekhanae|

TaamrachoodaKarakhyasou Keertitou Bharatagame||”

Meaning of sloka

  • Kukkutadou – To denote Rooster
  • Bakae – A bird called Baka
  • Kaake – Crow
  • Ushtre – Camel
  • Vatsecha – Calf
  • Lekhane – to show letters/pen

 

Trishoola Hasta Viniyoga
Trishula

Viniyoga sloka:

“Bilwa patrae tritwayuktae  Trishoola karaeritaha||”

Meaning of sloka

  • Bilwapatre – To show a leaf called Bilva
  • Tritwayukte – To show the number 3/Trinity

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